China has created an ELECTRIC plasma JET ENGINE that works with the help of electric plasma to create thrust through combustion know as China’s Electric Plasma Jet Engine, Let’s take a look at how Chinese Electric plasma Jet Engine Works.
What is an electric Jet engine?
A jet engine is a part of a plane, space-craft, etc, that helps the jet to move with extreme velocity. A jet engine produces a tremendous amount of thrust through combustion, which helps any aircraft to move forward or upward with a blazing speed.
As we can see in the following image the huge amount of cool air get’s inside and half of the air gets combusted to make thrust, and the remaining is released.
But this is not in the case of Electric Jet Engine, the electric engine works on electricity, so no fuel is required.
Electric Jet Engines also produces a low amount of heat as no combustion of heat and gases takes place, less pollution, and heat release.
Electric Jet Engine produces clean energy as electric motors are used in Electric Jet Engines.
Why use Electric plasma Jet Engines?
As we know we all are currently using fossil fuels, and sooner or later fossil fuels are going to be extinct form nature since they are non-renewable.
For this we have renewable energy resources, like solar, wind-energy, nuclear, etc. All this energy resources will help in the production of electricity, so in future electrical energy will rule the world.
As jet engines are crucial part many vehicles, like space-shuttle, aeroplanes, jets, rockets and many more.
For this purpose, scientists are trying hard to build an Electric Jet Engine, which is able to run on 100% electricity, without any help from fossil fuels.
Why We Still Don’t Have Electric Planes?
It’s just because electric batteries cannot hold that much of load of consumption rate of electricity, so cannot produce as much of thrust required to boost an plane or jet.
But thing got changed as the launch of Solar Impulse 2, an electric plane which can fly for almost 16 months using solar energy. Tech-insider provided an amazing documentary on it!
What is an electric plasma jet engine?
The aviation companies produces 12-16% of all the carbon emissions, and can easily produce 4 times as more as compared to a petrol car for same mile.
So not only the aviation industry costs more but also produces more pollution and heat due to burning of fossil fuels.
For this China’s Electric Plasma Jet Engine was introduces which is an electric plasma jet engine. we heard about electric jet engine but never heard about electric plasma jet engine.
In a normal jet engine, the wind is compressed and then combusted with fuel to create a powerful thrust, as shown in the figure below:
But in case of electric plasma jet engine there’s nothing like that, it uses electricity to create thrust.
China’s Electric Plasma Jet Engine breakthrough:
Researchers from technical university of Wuhan, claimed that they have a made a plasma thruster engine that works well in air and vacuum just by compressing air and electricity.
Lets see how this can change the way of air travel completely, as we know commercial airlines is responsible for 12-16% of Co2 emission. as the numbers are low but as compared to the global level and the rate at which it’s changing the global temperature is devastating.
Electric Aviation Technology is been taken seriously, as the requirements of transportation is increasing drastically.
The problem with electric engine is that it has to compete the thrust produced by the fuel engines. The main goal is to make an electric alternative that will produce thrust to combustion ratio as like that of fuel engines.
But the Chinese researchers created a solution, its not totally electric but create thrust by using plasma technology.
A research paper in Wuhan(a city in china) stated that they found the solution to this, a plasma jet engine that uses IONIzED AIR PLASMA induced by microwaves to generate electricity and then into thrust.
Do not get confused with ION-thrusters that shoots positively charged ions from the gas such as xenon.
As a side note ions are either positively or negatively charged atoms, that gains or loses electron as shown in the figure below.
Plasma jet Engine almost works like current fuel jet, the fuel jet compresses the air before releasing, so it get expanded while releasing there by increasing thrust.
How China’s Electric Plasma Jet Engine work?
how does the Chinese electric plasma jet engine work? well the prototype build by a team of scientists from the institute of technological science at Wuhan, uses air and electricity to generate propulsion under laboratory conditions that can be comparable to a traditional AIRCRAFT ENGINE.
Basically the device produces propulsion by compressing air and Ionizing it with microwaves.
Researchers at Wuhan university also said that in their Chinese electric plasma jet engine they used the technology to lift a 1 kilogram of steel ball over a quartz tube over a diameter of 24mm. (given below image)
As reported by KaisenGlobal that, it is possible to construct a “high-performance microwave air plasma jet thruster” in the future to avoid carbon emissions and global warming that arise due to fossil fuel combustion.
But how this China’s Electric Plasma Jet Engine works technically? well, instead of xenon gas as we uses in normal jet engines it uses air from surroundings. somewhat like current fuel jets like this!
It compresses the air before heating it up, so it can expand with an increased thrust, as we can see in the image below plasma is a gas of ions and free electrons, plus it’s the fourth state of matter.
Plasma is formed when the gases provide free energy to free an electron and turn the atoms into ions, this is usually achieved with high temperatures such as in the sun or lightning(high electrical field).
Since the plasma is extremely conductive it allows electricity to continue to flow through it, so in china’s electric plasma jet engine instead of a high electrical field, it uses concentrated microwaves, to provide energy to compressed air to ionize it.
This plasma is ignited using an electrical spark, that causes the conducted air plasma to heat up the same as that of lightning.
This plasma expands through he tube and creates thrust out of it.
Future of Electric Plasma jet engines:
Definitely, the Electric Plasma jet engine will rule the aviation industry, because of its eco-friendliness, but currently, china is on edge to make it possible and almost completed it known as “China’s Electric Plasma Jet Engine”.
Are Electric Planes Possible?
Yes! In the future electric planes are totally possible, with the help of development in Electric Jet Engines, many companies and countries are trying to make Electric Jet Engines which will totally work on 100% pure electricity.
Which country is leading in production of Electric plasma Jet Engines
Currently, China is a leading producer in Electric plasma Jet Engines that will run on 100% pure electricity. Chinese Electric plasma Jet Engine will be the first in its class.